VCE Agriculture & Horticulture Studies

VCE Agriculture and Horticulture (AgHort) Pathways

Other subjects that complement AgHort are: Biology | Business Management | Environmental Science Psychology

AgHort careers image

  • Unit 1 may be selected in Year 10.
  • Year 10 AgHort may be used in place of Units 1 and/or 2.
  • Units 3 and 4 may be done without having done Unit 2.

Unit 1 & 2 Agriculture and Horticulture

Unit 1: Agricultural & Horticultural Operations

In this unit students study local agricultural and horticultural operations and the economic, social, environmental and historical factors that influence these operations. They develop an understanding of how the biological and physical components of the environment and human resources influence the type of agribusinesses undertaken at particular locations. They consider the importance of using scientific methods when investigating agricultural and horticultural systems.
Students apply their knowledge and skills in establishing a small agricultural and/or horticultural business project. They consider business opportunities and financial aspects, and growth and production of plants and animals. They use appropriate production skills, plan and use resources sustainably, and evaluate and report on the progress of the small business.
Areas of Study
•    Elements of Australian agricultural and horticultural systems
•    Agricultural and horticultural operations
In the first area of study, you will learn to describe and explain the elements that make up agricultural and horticultural systems.  This will include a basic understanding of the biology involved in this.  You will learn how to locate your system for the best results and the factors that influence the location.
 In the second area of study, you will apply your management and production skills in a small business involving the care of living plants or animals.

Assessment tasks are drawn from tasks such as annotated visual displays, website or visual presentations, tests, and written or oral reports.

Unit 2:    Production

This unit focuses on plant and animal nutrition, and growth and reproduction and their relationships within agribusiness systems. Students analyse agricultural and/or horticultural production systems in terms of timelines for production, taking into account physical, biological, economic, social and environmental factors. They consider the impacts of climate extremes on plant and animal production and use a scientific approach to investigating aspects of production.
Students use a small business project to explore the role of agribusiness in value adding to the product of an agricultural and/or a horticultural business. They consider business and production operations, production and environmental risks, sustainability of operations, and marketing. Students monitor and evaluate the outcomes of the small business project.

Areas of Study
•    Biological factors in agriculture and horticulture
•    Production systems and processes


In the first area of study, you will learn how to explain nutrition and reproduction in plants and animals, and how these influence an agricultural or horticultural operation.
In the second area of study, you will prepare a report on the production processes and marketing of a small agricultural or horticultural business.  You will show how risks are managed and how value is added to the product.
Assessment tasks are drawn from tasks such as annotated visual displays, website or visual presentations, tests, and written or oral reports.

Unit 3 & 4 Agriculture and Horticulture


Unit 3:    Technology, Innovation & Business Practices

In this unit technology refers to the equipment, management techniques and processes that can be used to maintain or enhance efficiency and effectiveness of agricultural and horticultural systems in order to achieve socially, economically and environmentally sustainable agricultural and horticultural systems. Students develop an understanding of the range of available equipment and processes that may be used in agricultural and horticultural businesses, including the current commonly used technologies and innovative technologies. They learn how the capabilities of equipment and application of processes assists decision making and management practices in agricultural and horticultural enterprises.
Management of soil/growing media, water, pests and diseases of plants and/or animals and weeds are considered through an integrated management approach.
This unit also focuses on a range of technology that is currently used by commercial agricultural and/or horticultural businesses; students review the areas where change and innovation are occurring. Students consider and analyse the likely impacts of new and emerging developments in technology.
Students individually design a small agricultural or horticultural business that involves the management of plants and/or animals. Using a range of production techniques and equipment they commence their business and report on its progress. Students will continue to manage this business in Unit 4.

Areas of Study
•    Current management techniques
•    New or emerging technology
•    Business design

In this unit, you will discuss the range of technologies commonly used in agriculture or horticulture.  You will explore how decision making and the application of technology affects the outputs of a business.
The range and impact of innovative technologies on a particular agricultural or horticultural business will also be studied.
 During this unit, you will design and implement a business plan for a small commercial agricultural or horticultural business which involves the management and care of living plants or animals.

Unit 4:    Sustainable Management

This unit focuses on the management of agricultural and horticultural systems within the context of economic, social and environmental sustainability. It takes an ecological approach to issues associated with land, plant and animal management. Students apply the principles and concepts of such an approach across a range of agricultural and horticultural situations.
Students consider the effects of climate change and how business responds to these effects. They develop an understanding of the importance of identification, correction and prevention of environmental degradation for the sustainability of agribusinesses. They consider strategies for economic, social and environmentally sustainable resource management within agriculture and horticulture. The scientific approach is used as an aid in monitoring environmental change.
Students continue to operate their small business project commenced in Unit 3. They monitor and report on the operations of the business, including analysing productivity, profitability and sustainability, and make recommendations for improving business outcomes.
Areas of Study

•    Business plan implementation and evaluation
•    Sustainability in agriculture and/or horticulture
•    Resource management and maintenance
In this unit, you will draw on the knowledge and related skills outlined in business plan implementation and evaluation.
You will evaluate how well resources are managed in agriculture or horticulture.
You will investigate and analyse resource management to see how the concepts of sustainability are applied.

Assessment for Units 3 & 4
•    School assessed coursework for Unit 3 contributes 33 per cent to the study score
•    School assessed coursework for Unit 4 contributes 33 per cent to the study score
•    End of year examination contributes 34 per cent to the study score

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